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Dehydration Can Make Your Blood Pressure Low

by Rajesh Gotan

While we all know that high Blood Pressure is bad, but we should know that the low Blood Pressure needs attention too!

Low blood pressure is known as Hypotension in medical language. The Blood Pressure reading of 90/60 mmHg or lower is termed as low BP.

In majority of the cases it goes unnoticed as it does not give any symptoms.  However, when it can cause weakness, fainting, blurred vision, dizziness and difficulty in concentration.

The above symptoms can be really dangerous in some cases. It can lead to accidents or falls that can potentially be fatal.  It happens because your body’s vital organs do not get enough oxygen and nutrients. Therefore it is very important to figure out the underlying cause(s) of low Blood Pressure.

Let’s understand the key causes of low Blood Pressure:
  • Dehydration

A lot of people do not know that Dehydration is a leading cause of low BP. Dehydration causes lack of water in the body which can decrease amount of blood. This, in turn can cause low BP. Therefore it’s important to avoid Dehydration. Dehydration is likely to happen due to diarrhoea or after heavy exercise.

  • Disorder of Hormones

Imbalance of Hormones is one of the common causes of low Blood Pressure. The effect to the glands like the parathyroid or adrenal, like in case of Addison’s disease, may cause low Blood Mressure.

  • Nutritional Deficiency

Deficiency of Folic Acid, Iron and Vitamin B12 can cause Anemia, which may result in low Blood Pressure.

  • Low Levels of Blood Sugar

The symptoms of low BP can overlap with the symptoms of low Blood Sugar. Low Blood Sugar is known as hypoglycaemia which happens when your Blood Sugar level drops below 70mg/dL. A low Blood Sugar Level can lead to low BP.  

  • Pregnancy

During pregnancy, more blood is supplied to the developing baby, as a result, most women during pregnancy experience Low Blood Pressure.

 Drink ample amount of water to keep your blood pressure stable

The Advices for Low BP:

    1. Never miss your dose of medicine if you are suffering with low BP.
    2. Avoid Dehydration. Drink 2.5L to 3 L water a day.
    3. Diarrhoea or heavy exercise may cause loss of water and nutrients. Take electrolytes after heavy exercise or you have Diarrhoea to avoid Dehydration.
    4. Avoid use of Alcohol as consumption of it even in small quantities leads to Dehydration.
    5. Eat smaller and frequent meals if you have problem of low Blood Sugar to keep the levels balanced. 
    6. Monitor your sugar levels regularly and take your sugar medicines on time
    7. When your BP goes low, extra pinch of salt can help raise Blood Pressure, but take the opinion of your medical expert about how much salt you can take.
    8.  Be aware of your symptoms and always keep the digital BP Monitoring device with you.
    9. Posture is very important, be mindful about it. Do not make sudden head and neck movements.

In today’s lifestyle, low blood pressure is becoming a common problem. If you suffer from low BP or observe any symptoms, do not take it lightly. Consult your Medical Expert to understand the root cause and address it.

Be aware, stay healthy!

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